Why does Scotland have such high heart disease rates?

Rates of ischaemic heart disease (IHD) in Scotland are higher than those in comparable nations. Although there is currently no comprehensive explanation for this, high levels of individual risk factors among the Scots, such as smoking and obesity, are considered one possible cause.

What are the statistics of coronary heart disease in Scotland?

In Scotland today, 685,000 people live with CVD;4 at least 48,000 of those have heart failure.

Why does Glasgow have high rates of heart disease?

Glasgow has one of the highest levels of coronary heart disease (CHD) in the western world. This has been attributed to high rates of smoking, poor diet and deprivation. The good news is that the number of people being newly diagnosed with CHD is reducing.

Why is CHD more common in developed countries?

The rapid rise in CHD burden in most of the low and middle and income countries is due to socio-economic changes, increase in life span and acquisition of lifestyle related risk factors. The CHD death rate, however, varies dramatically across the developing countries.

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What is a long term condition Scotland?

Long term conditions are health conditions that last a year or longer, impact on a person’s life, and may require ongoing care and support. The definition does not relate to any one condition, care-group or age category.

How common is heart disease in Scotland?

Scotland has a high prevalence of the risk factors associated with heart disease, such as smoking, poor diet and physical inactivity. Overall, it is estimated that around 6.7% of men and 4.2% of women are living with CHD ( Scottish Health Survey 2016).

What is the mortality rate in Scotland due to heart disease?

The age and sex standardised mortality rate for CHD fell from 191 per 100,000 population in 2010 to 130 in 2019, a reduction of 31.9% over the last 10 years. The mortality rate increases sharply with age with much higher rates among older people aged 75+.

How obese is Scotland?

The prevalence of obesity including morbid obesity ( BMI of 30 kg/m² or greater) was 28% among adults in 2018. This pattern remains relatively unchanged since 2008, fluctuating between 27% and 29%.

How many strokes are there in Scotland?

Stroke remains the third biggest killer in Scotland and the leading cause of disability. There were 15,000 strokes in Scotland in 2016 and 4,400 deaths.

Is Glasgow poor?

Glasgow remains the most deprived city and local authority area in Scotland. A lower proportion of Glaswegians are coping financially (85% in 2015) compared to Scots as a whole (91%). 34% of all children in the city were estimated to be living in poverty in 2017.

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What is the Scottish Health Survey?

An update on the Scottish Health Survey (SHeS) which provides information on the health, and factors relating to health, of adults and children in Scotland.

Why has heart disease increased since 1900?

The marked increase in deaths attributed to heart disease, from 1900 until the late 1960s, was almost certainly due to an increase in the incidence of coronary atherosclerosis, with resultant coronary heart disease. Americans were living longer due to a decrease in deaths from infectious diseases.

What countries have the highest incidence of CVD?

China had the highest number of heart disease deaths last year, followed by India, Russia, the United States and Indonesia. Heart disease death rates were lowest in France, Peru and Japan, where rates were six times lower than in 1990.

Who CVD deaths?

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death globally. An estimated 17.9 million people died from CVDs in 2019, representing 32% of all global deaths. Of these deaths, 85% were due to heart attack and stroke. Over three quarters of CVD deaths take place in low- and middle-income countries.

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